Learning How To Work With Welding Symbols

Like in all domains that require precision of execution, welding makes use of conventional standard signs that help to the better execution of a weld according to blueprints. The welding symbols systematized by the American Welding Society indicate the exact place where welds need to be made, the kind of joint necessary for it and the amount of filler to be used in the joint. Learning how to work with welding symbols is part of the training programs welders have to attend before receiving any certifications. What do welding symbols actually consist of? The main basic elements are the arrow, the reference line and the tail.

All welding symbols are built starting from the reference line, this is the very foundation of the sign as such on which you add other data necessary for the process. The connection between the reference line and the joint area is made by the arrow, but the direction of the arrow has no influence on the meaning of the reference line. Last but not least, the tail is not a compulsive element of all welding symbols, some have it, others don’t. It is generally used in case you want to add some information or supplementary specification to the process.

There are all sorts of peculiarities connected to the use of welding symbols. For instance, if any signs are included in the lower part of the reference line, you’ll have to make the weld on the side of the joint indicated by the tip of the arrow. In case the welding symbols are present on the upper side of the reference line, then the weld needs to be made on the side opposite to the direction pointed by the tip of the arrow. Both sides of the joint must be welded when you have signs included on both sides of the reference line. Deciphering such instructions from blueprints is essential for the proper working of the welding process.

Two kinds of welding symbols may appear on the reference line and they are essential when it comes to understanding how to make a specific weld. The most important sign here is a circle that means “welding all around”, thus, you will have to make the weld all around the joint in the direction indicated by the tip of the arrow. Sometimes it is not possible to weld around one single surface, and in such cases, the presence of the circle would be incorrect. Under such circumstances there should be other specificities related to the process.

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Muzzle Training – How To Put A Muzzle On A Dog

Muzzle training is clearly essential for a dog prone to aggressive behaviour towards dogs or people but it also something which may be useful for any dog. There are a number of situations which might put even the most relaxed of dogs under stress such as veterinarian visits or trauma where wearing a muzzle may be essential to stop possible biting. A muzzle can also be used to prevent a dog from eating things it shouldn’t while outside walking.

Muzzle training a dog is essential for the dog to accept the muzzle as something good (or at least acceptable) rather than a punishment

What kind of Dog Muzzle do I need?
You can select from cloth or mesh muzzles to basket muzzles made of leather or plastic. Muzzles are available to fit both long and short nosed dogs. If your dog will be wearing the muzzle for any length of time, for example during walks, a basket muzzle is the best choice as it allows the dog to pant and drink without problems. Ensure that the muzzle fits your dog well, not too tight that it hurts your dog but not too loose so it can be pulled off easily.

How to start muzzle training your dog
For your dog to feel comfortable wearing a muzzle, muzzle training should be done slowly and with patience.

Dog muzzle training part 1
First put a piece of food the dog likes in the muzzle and let the dog put its nose in and eat it. Don’t attempt to do the muzzle up yet. Practice giving your dog treats from the muzzle in the way for a few days until the dog views the muzzle as a food dispenser.

Dog muzzle training part 2
When the dog places its nose into the muzzle to get the treat the following time pull the muzzle straps up behind its head just for a few seconds then release. Once you dog is happy with this move on to the next stage.

Dog muzzle training part 3
The muzzle straps can be done up the next time the dog puts its nose in it to get the treat. Leave the muzzle on for a few seconds before you undo it again. Gradually increase the time that the muzzle is left on the dog, you can if needed feed some additional treats in through the muzzle.

Be patient with your muzzle training
If the dog gets stressed or acts uncomfortable at any time just go back a step and wait until the next muzzle training time until proceeding more. A muzzle needs to be viewed as a positive thing by your dog and not as a punishment.

A muzzle not only keeps other dogs and people safe, but if your dog can’t be aggressive it can also aid you, the owner to relax more.

Fiinovation – An Analysis Of The National Anti Tobacco Programme

Tobacco use is fatal causing cardio vascular diseases, lung disorders and cancer. India has a deep rooted tobacco consumption problem. It accounts for one fifth of tobacco related deaths every year. The numerical representation amounts to 800000 deaths and 12 million affected people. The Government spends 27,000 crore rupees to aid the diseased. However the Indian reality makes it a complicated issue to tackle with compared to rest of the world. The access to tobacco has been fairly convenient. Various forms of tobacco usage include beedis, betel leaves, flavored powder (pan masala and gutka), hookah etc. In this context tobacco consumption is often an indicator of social status. The poor get tangled in this vicious cycle, by investing economically in tobacco or spending for healthcare to overcome the life threatening tobacco diseases. Fiinovation research reveal over 5,500 adolescents are addicted to tobacco and joining the bandwagon of 4 million underage youth. The death toll is expected to rise to 13.3% in 2020.

The government of India has deliberated to combat this grave problem by introducing National Tobacco Control Programme. The prime components of the programme include:

1. Establishment of a National Regulatory Authority,

2. Anti tobacco social awareness campaigns,

3. Tobacco testing labs

4. State and District administered tobacco programmers

As per Fiinovation, NTCP looks at the problem in two ways by reducing supply of tobacco and limiting the demand for tobacco. The government scant supply by eliminating illicit trade in tobacco products, pricing and taxing methods, prohibiting sale of tobacco products to minors and supporting economically viable alternative activities. NTCP addresses reduction in tobacco demands by:

1. Prohibition on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship

2. Regulation and disclosure of contents of tobacco products and smoke

3. Packaging and labeling of tobacco products

4. Treatment of tobacco dependence

5. Protection from exposure to tobacco smoke

Highlights of the Programme: The collaborative effort by the government of India and WHO has covered certain milestones. India was the seventh country to sanction Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in 2004. This was one of the landmark conventions in addressing the issue of tobacco consumption around the globe. The 18 tobacco cessation centres all over the country have managed to aid 30,000 addicts. The country has made IEC materials to counter the wrath of tobacco use. To target the youth, media has been employed to carry out anti tobacco campaigns with role models and celebrities. School based interventions have been implemented well. State governments have also extended support targeting slums and communities at the district level.

The vital need in my opinion is to empower the civil society organizations. A law like this cannot be accurately implemented without the effort of a strong civil society organization. Capacity building of the civil society organizations would help the programme to a massive reach. The need for mass awareness generation combined with acute dissemination of information is the prime requirement. It would also help in effective monitoring and evaluation of the tobacco control legislation in areas of advertising.

Minimising Human Error During Hsc Exams

By virtue of its definition, human error is something we all do. In the more quantitative HSC subjects such as Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry, human error can be a big cause of losing marks in exams. For example, how often have you walked out of an exam room, and realise only moments later that you’ve lost a few marks in a question or two due to ‘silly mistakes’? Or when, coming out of an exam room, you chat with your friends about how they did question X Y Z etc and realising you missed a tiny detail that cost you marks? This happens all too often for many students, and the truth is, human error happens to all students, even the top ones.

Common places to make ‘silly mistakes’

In HSC exams (as well as assessable school exams, since they are all similar to HSC exams), students mainly make their silly mistakes in a few ways:

Long, complex algebraic proofs (e.g. long proofs in Maths Extension 2, causing you to copy the previous line’s expressions incorrectly)

Long calculation-based questions requiring long working-out and calculator work (e.g. molar calculations in Chemistry)

Multiple choice section in science exams

It is quite impossible to make a ‘silly mistake’ in humanities-type subjects like English, or in the long-answer sections of science exams in the same ways as those described above.

Check your work after you finish

Since there’s only a few situations where silly mistakes can be made, students should be mindful of which areas of their exams they need to check over when they have spare time near the end of their exams.

In most cases, you would only have a little bit of time left after you finish your exam. Therefore, it is wise to know how to best prioritise your time in checking for mistakes before the exam time is up. This is assuming you’ve already done all the questions – if you’ve left some questions blank, obviously finish them before you begin checking your work.

Physics and Chemistry exams

For science exams like Physics and Chemistry, after you finish your exam, you should first check your entire multiple choice section (the first 15 questions). A good way to do this is to hide your answer sheet, so you do not see your original answers, reducing their influence. Seeing your original answers is not a good idea, as they may influence you into making the same mistake as you first did. Hiding your original answer forces you to mentally do the question again from scratch, and increases your chances of picking up an error that you’ve missed in your first attempt at the questions.

As you do the multiple choice section for the first time, it is a good idea to circle the questions that you are unsure of (on the question sheet), so that when you finish your exam, you should look at the circled questions first.

After you completely check over your multiple choice section, look over your calculation questions. In Physics, these could be questions involving projectile motion, Special Relativity (time dilation, length contraction etc), motor torque, forces on charged plates / conductors / charged particles etc. For Chemistry, these questions could be molar calculations, pH calculations, volume calculations, galvanic cell potentials etc.

Some topics in Physics could be assisted with methods covered in Mathematics subjects. For example, in the Space module, we learn how to do projectile motion calculations – these questions are much easier when analysed within the Extension 1 framework of projectile motion. Of course, it would be faster if you use the formulae in the formula sheet, but for checking purposes, you can use the Extension 1 method to verify your answers.

Science calculation questions often require the use of calculators, so not only do you have to check your algebra and working-out, you also need to check your final answer, making sure you didn’t key in something wrong on your calculator. A good tip here is to become very familiar with your calculator – learn how to use its memory slots so you can do an entire question very fast without needing to waste time writing things down (for checking purposes).

One last scenario that is unique to science HSC exams is that in some extended questions worth 5-8 marks (e.g. discuss, analyse, evaluate, assess), you may be required to identify a list of factors / issues. You should briefly re-read your long answer responses, making sure you’ve covered all the factors / issues that are required, and also check that you’ve concluded the question with an assessment or evaluation, if required. The final conclusion in assess / evaluate questions are worth a mark, and while this appears obvious to some students, many still make the mistake of leaving their questions unconcluded.

Maths exams

There are two approaches to doing maths exams, and which approach you choose depends on your style. Some students prefer to move through their exam as quickly as possible, leaving much time at the end to go over the entire exam again (where possible). Other students prefer to go through their exam as carefully as possible, leaving much less time at the end, for selective checking. There’s no right or wrong approach, and we have 99+ students who adopt either approach.

As a general recommendation, higher achievers should aim to do their exams as quickly as possible, with the aim of having enough time at the end to comprehensively go through their entire exam a second time. However, not all students are able to do this. The important thing is to be comfortable with your chosen approach.

As always, it is a good idea to circle the questions (on your question sheet) that you have difficulty with on your first attempt of the exam. This way, you can selectively check over those questions first as you begin checking your exam.

One important thing to note is that in maths, there are many little mathematical tricks that allow you to check your answer very quickly. For example, in Maths Extension 2, it is advised for students to memorise the general equations for tangents for ellipses and hyperbolae, as this gives them much convenience when verifying answers in algebraic form. If you’re familiar with the many properties of the parabola, this would help in guiding you through the difficult proofs involving parametric equations. In Probability questions involving Permutations and Combinations, sometimes it is easier to arrange a set of possible actions, rather than the objects themselves. These little tips and tricks cannot be explained properly in words, as they need proper examples to demonstrate, but students should pick these up throughout their study.

In Maths Extension 2, students who are serious about achieving a high mark (e.g. a raw mark above 100/120) should realise that they should not allocate their time linearly to the questions from 1 to 8. Basically, questions 1-4 should take 10 minutes each, tops, and questions 5, 6 should take 20 minutes each, leaving plenty of time for questions 7 and 8. It is your performance in these last questions that set you apart from other high achievers, since most Extension 2 students are perfectly capable of doing questions 1-6 relatively well.

Practice makes perfect

As with every skill in life, reducing the occurrence of silly mistakes can be improved through practice. Do more questions, and mark them! Follow up and investigate on the ones you did incorrectly, and redo them. Always challenge yourself with difficult questions. Never become ‘complacent’ just because you’re doing well compared to your peers at school. Always remember, you are up against the entire state.
Practicing for Physics and Chemistry

For science subjects, you’ll need to split your time doing essay-type questions (discuss, assess, evaluate), short answer questions (describe, explain, justify, outline) and the calculation type questions.

For calculation questions, make sure you understand the physical principles behind why the answer is correct. Become familiar with your calculator’s functionality, especially in using its memory slots, as this is extremely helpful when doing those annoyingly long molar calculations. Lastly, make sure you are exposed to all types of calculation questions for your subject. Doing questions from good books (like Jacaranda Physics, Macquarie Physics, Chemistry Contexts, Conquering Chemistry etc) are a great start, but they are not enough. Do as many past papers / practice questions you can get from your school teachers / HSC tuition services, and have them marked.

Practicing for Maths

For all levels of maths, the approach is the same – do as many questions as you can. Some books are better than others – it is important to do the exercises in good textbooks, like Fitzpatrick (2 unit and 3 unit) and Cambridge (2 unit, 3 unit, 4 unit). However, you should note that some of the hardest and most unique questions can only be found inside HSC exams. That is because HSC exams are often written by University professors, and the questions found in them can sometimes be something unfamiliar to you if you only study using textbooks. For example, Maths Extension 2 question 8s have always involved University-level maths and often require very unique and colourful approaches to solve – such uniqueness is often lacking or in short supply in even the best of textbooks. Our tip is to learn ahead of your school, and begin practicing by doing past HSC exams / past trial papers from reputable schools as early in your HSC as possible. The key here is to see as many types of questions as possible, broadening your experience as much as possible before each assessable exam.

One of our tutors who came 2nd in the state for Extension 2 claimed to have completed over 100 Extension 2 papers as practice, back when he did his HSC (he started before his half-yearlies). Another of our tutors who came 3rd in the state for Extension 2 (in a different year) claimed to have completed over 60 Extension 2 papers as practice. Obviously such dedication is not required for most students, even for a 99+, but for an ATAR close to 99.95 or a state-rank, dedication to gaining nothing short of a comprehensive and complete understanding of your subjects is necessary.

What Is Adult Education Like In Practice

Adult Education (AE) is about being everywhere and nowhere. Everywhere in the sense that for some adults learning is so much part of living from where we learn how to do things. Nowhere in the sense that for some adults learning doesn’t count unless was it done in a classroom or formal way of education. When purposeful and planned activities are linked to adults learner, the concept of adult education becomes clear. Knowles (1980) described AE as a set of organized activities carried on by wide variety of institutions for the accomplishment of specific educational objectives.

Non formal Education is popularly used worldwide to refer to organized learning activities that take place outside the -Formal Education System-. Activities serve several clientele such as NGO’s, Community Based Learning, Private Organization in informal settings. -Training- strongly associated with learning in workplace by referring to all workshops, seminars, classes and On Job Training designed to improve one’s work related performance

What Purpose Does It Serve?
The overall goals and purposes of adults education are shaped by the historical, cultural and social conditions present in the context and theses purposes shift over time. Although the purposes of adults education by context varies worldwide but there are some goals that are commons to most countries. Titmus (1989) has identified four goals that are commonly used:

1. Second chance education, which offers adults who missed it the kind of education obtainable in the initial education system. This may range from basic literacy to mature entrance to university;
2. Role education, which is education for social function (outside employment) and includes social role education (as citizen member of an association) and personal role education (as parent, spouse, retired person);
3. Vocational education, that is education in the skills and knowledge required in employment (such as IKBN, JTM etc.); and
4. Personal Enrichment Education or education intended to develop the individual without regard to his or her social or economic function which neither includes, in effect, anything nor covered by the other headings.

Challenges in Adult Learning

1. The structural barriers that limit access are formidable indeed, for instance socioeconomic status, ethnicity, race, age, gender and geography all conspire to limit adults accessibility to learning.
2. In some countries, rural and isolated folk, women, minorities, poorer people and older adults are helplessly underrepresented in all forms of adult and continuing education.
3. National policies in some countries were lack of coordination among services providers. Even sometimes there might be an overlap and duplication of efforts by all relevant parties such as government, private, NGO’s and international players.

Cna Training Paid And Free Lessons In Big Apple

The particular requirements for grow to be certified nursing aide usually differs from region to region. A man or woman needs to find with the state agency to get specific information regarding becoming one. CNA training is generally a program that runs using a at least couple of weeks to your more 2 months this program usually covers classroom sessions coupled with clinical hours. These programs are generally made available from community colleges, vocational schools or high schools in you neighborhood. Couple of the medical facilities offering upcoming care facilities even hire freshers without having prior nursing aide education and share them training including pay for the employees while training.

The most common cna work under direct supervision of nurses and give routine assistance and desire to patients. They will assist them of their everyday living including dressing, exercising, grooming, eating and bathing. Additionally, the can check a patient’s vital signs which include their hypotension, respiratory and heart rate, and the body temperature. The CNA is responsible to report adjustments to a patient’s condition for a nurse. By assisting patients with such various tasks, the nurse will be able center on other functions which they are allowed to perform only.

Finally he looked at to turn into a CNA (cna). The free cna training only agreed to be Two months long, plus a large portion of it was subsequently done online. Federal government even settled him to go back to school. He’d never worked on the health care field before, but at this stage it’s clear that she needed an exciting new set of skills of having any chance in that job market. He soon began his Free cna training and cna classes inside the fall of 2010. He really enjoyed the CNA classes, and was following a graduated CNA. The entire course was absolutely free, as well as was now ready to get employed.

All participants of your Red Cross Free cna training program must:not skip class. 6 hours of missed classes are allowed per student nonetheless they has to be built foralways be on timetake and pass the past assessment. Passing score: 80% +Transportation from the courses site is not taught in Red Cross. Since training classes include required to kneel and lie in the grass, trainees must make sure you wear comfortable clothes.

Free cna training videos may also be helpful when you find yourself planning your certification exam. You can watch the videos for the better knowledge of all you do and you should not do while performing various CAN duties. This assists that you you’ll find their written area of the test and the skill portion. Be more successful if you want to demonstrate several skills throughout your certification exam, if you can to determine the instructional videos shortly before an examination.

New Archaeologists use various methods that come in civil services exam

Archaeologists use various methods for finding out how old various settlements are. Let us see how Marshall concluded that the Harappan civilization was About Indus valley five thousand years old and not one thousand years old, as believed by Cunningham. Marshall found that the seals, sealings, written script and works of art found in Harappa were totally different from those with which scholars were already familiar and which belonged to a much later period. Similar finds were reported in another place called Mohenjodaro in Sind. In Mohenjodaro the settlement lay underneath a Buddhist monastery belonging to the Kushan period. It has been found that in ancient times if a house was destroyed for some reason people would generally use the brick or mud of the house to prepare a plinth and make another house on top of it. Thus, if an archaeologist excavates an area and finds remains of a house beneath another house, he can figure out that the one below is older than the one above. That is why the deeper he digs the earlier he moves in the time scale. Thus, Marshall could find out that the houses $low the Buddhist monastery must have been older than the Kushan period. Then, there was the evidence that people living in these settlements did not know the use of iron. This meant that these cities were part of an age when iron was unknown. Iron came in use in the beginning of the second millennium B.C. Mesopotamian cities came into existence in the early 3rd millennium B.C. Thus, if anything Harappan was discovered in the ancient cities of Mesopotamia it would indicate that the people of Harappa lived at the same time. With these evidences scholars could figure out that the conclusions of the local population and Cunningham were incorrect. Marshall’s chronology of Harappa has been further supported by new methods of dating, such as Radio carbon dating. Thus, scholars accept the following chronology for the Pre-Harappan and Harappan cultures.

Civil Services examination

begins with the discovery of Harappa and history of India, nearly thousand settlements having similar traits have been discovered. Scholars named it the ‘Indus Valley Civilization’ because initially most of the settlements were discovered in the plains of the river Indus and its tributaries. Archaeologists however prefer, to call it the ‘Harappan Civilization’. This is because in archaeology there is a convention that when an ancient culture is described, it is named after the modem name of the site which first revealed the existence of this culture. We do not know what those people called themselves because we have not been able to read their writing. Thus, we call them Harappans after the modern place Harappa where the evidence of this forgotten civilization was first unearthed in our times.